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MAKING THE MODERN WORLD
Stories about the lives we've made

period:  1870-1914 Second Industrial Revolution

Mountains of pills being churned out in a factory, 1936. © Science Museum / Science and Society

The first Industrial Revolution brought steam power, factories and railways. The second gave rise to new kinds of power - electricity, new chemicals, new plastics and new drugs - particularly from recently industrialised nations like Germany and the USA. Technology became more complex and more diverse.

1870-1914
Second Industrial Revolution
New science, new materials, new power
A second industrial revolution introduced electricity and science-based products.
Science meets medicine
From the mid-nineteenth century, science began to contribute to diagnosis and treatment.
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