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MAKING THE MODERN WORLD
Stories about the lives we've made

module:Textiles: From domestic to factory production

The Industrial Revolution and the textiles industries

page:Credits

1 Introduction Mule spinning at Swainson & Birley Mill, Preston, 1834.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

 
2 The Industrial Revolution
 
3 Changes in everyday life James Hargreaves’ Spinning Jenny c.1764
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Richard Arkwright’s water frame c.1770.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Richard Arkwright’s carding machine c.1775.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Richard Roberts’ improved power loom, 1822.
From The Textiles Industries, Vol 4, by W.S. Murphy. Gresham, London, 1910

Samuel Crompton’s Mule 1774-9.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Richard Roberts’ Self-acting Mule, 1825.
© Science Museum, Manchester

Harrison Power Loom, 1851.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

 
4 Domestic production Extract from The diary of Cornelius Ashworth (1752–1821), a weaver, of Waltroyd, Wheatley.
From Some aspects of the eighteenth century woollen and worsted trade in Halifax, ed. Atkinson, F., 1956, Halifax Museums. Reprinted in Shalloons & Kerseys, 1979, Ruth Bean Publishers

 
5 Factory production Facsimile and text transcription of Rules To Be Observed, Water-Foot Mill, near Haslingden, 1851.
From the collection of J.N. Hare. © Helmshore Mills Textile Museum

 
6 Contemporary illustrations: Domestic production Woman spinning, known as 'The Spinster of the Hearth'.
Aquatint engraved by R. Havell from watercolours by G.Walker. From The Costume of Yorkshire, ed G. Walker, first published 1814. Reprinted Sussex, Caliban Books, 1978.

Clothiers with pack horses carrying cloth to market.
Aquatint engraved by R. Havell from watercolours by G.Walker. From The Costume of Yorkshire, ed G. Walker, first published 1814. Reprinted Sussex, Caliban Books, 1978.

Traders in the cloth hall at Leeds.
Aquatint engraved by R. Havell from watercolours by G.Walker. From The Costume of Yorkshire, ed G. Walker, first published 1814. Reprinted Sussex, Caliban Books, 1978.

 
7 Contemporary illustrations: Factory production Spinning at Swainson & Birley Mill, Preston, 1834.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Mule spinning at Swainson & Birley Mill, Preston, 1834.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Powerloom weaving at Swainson & Birley Mill, Preston, 1834.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Bingley Mill from Bailey Hills, c.1830.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Great Ryburgh Mill c.1907.
© norfolkmills.co.uk

Swainson & Birley Mill, Preston, 1834.
© Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Strut’s water-powered cotton mill at Belper, Derbyshire. Also known as Belper Mill.
© Copyright Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

 
8 Evidence of buildings: Domestic production Clothiers’ houses, Golcar.
© J.N.Hare, c.2002

Strut’s water-powered cotton mill at Belper, Derbyshire. Also known as Belper Mill.
© Copyright Science Museum/Science and Society Picture Library

Reconstruction of clothiers' house.
From 'West Yorkshire: A noble scene of industry. The development of the county 1500 to 1830', West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council, 1981.

 
9 Evidence of buildings: Piece Hall, Halifax Piece Hall, Halifax – three images.
© J.N.Hare, c.2002

 
10 Evidence of buildings: Factory production Clock and bell at Styal Mill.
© J.N.Hare, c.2002

 
11 Working in childhood Letter to the Editors of the Leeds Mercury, from Richard Oastler, a land steward, 1830.
Printed in the Leeds Mercury, 16 October 1830 quoted in Ward, J.T, (ed.), The Factory System Vol 2: The Factory System and Society, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1970.

Evidence of Samuel Coulson, a factory worker, of the condition of children.
From the Report of Committee on Factory Children's Labour, 1831-2 (XV) p.192, 1832, reprinted in Bland, A.E., P.A. Brown, and R.H.Tawney, English Economic History: Select Documents, Bell, 1914.

Recollections of George Crompton.
From The Life and Times of George Crompton, French, G.J., 3rd ed. 1862, quoted in J.T.Ward, (ed.) The Factory System Vol 2: The Factory System and Society, David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1970.

 
12 Conclusion
 

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